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that's an effective tactic they are using. they are blockading the ukrainian government. they are still in the street in front of the presidential
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offices. the lines of riot police are keeping them at bay outside a cabinet office as well. just about every seat of government and administration here is undersiege by the protesters. now a general strike has been call. there has been no real sign of mass walk outs. this could be on a slow fuse. we could here more as the day progresses. president yappiviktor yanukovyco is said to be in his country residents faces a dilemma. does he head to china and russia, or stay here and take control of the situation. does he go in and remove the protesters, and risk condemnation. he's seeing a humbling of support in his party and the
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oligarch. he's under pressure, and has to plan the next step carefully. has he made a gesture to talk to the demonstrators, to say, "i hear what your complaints are. he did make the statement yesterday which the demonstrators call a statement of apiecement when the process was accelerated to the west. that came 48 hours after turning his back. no one believes hi. he is seeing powers. yes there has been calls for a roundtable talks. this gathered conviction. he is facing a mass movement and is seeing the power erode, like in the orange revolution.
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he can't take his seat in his presidential office, because the whole area is surrounded by the protesters. these are effective tactics, they'll continue. the general strike, i suspect, will build up during the course of week, harming the economy. that is the vital artery. >> sure, we'll keep an eye on that. thank you. >> well, there has been more protests against military rule in egypt. proponents reached cairo's tahir square for the first time in months on sun. the crowd was dispersed from the area within minutes. earlier students on university campuses held rallies against a new anti-protest law and the killing of a fellow student by security forces. >> a draft constitution has been approved by the interim government. let's look at the controversial
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points. it let's the army decide who the defence minister will be for the next eight years, and bans political parties based on religi religion. the draft will go to a referendum. if ratified, elections will take place. tell us more about the controversial constitution. >> what's new this morning to many egyptians is the fact this it seems there'll be a change to the roadmap that the military government put forward. earlier we have been hearing that first the constitution will be drafted and it will be put to a referendum. if approved there'll be parliamenty elections and presidential elections. in the draft resolution, it seems it's not clear. it's left to the president to decide if presidential elections
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will be held before parliamentary elections or at the same time. many see there's some room left for general abdul fatah al-sisi to run for the presidency and win it before the parliamentary elections to strengthen his hold on power. he is the person running the country, and they oppose that. >> any idea how this is likely to play out on the streets. on sunday there was more access in tahir square. >> well, the government and the military are trying very hard to rally many people as possible to store the referendum. they want to put it to vote in january. today some of the newspapers here, the headlines, said there'll be an announcement within hours, on which date exactly. what the military and the government are hoping to get is a high turn out which will not be an approval. referendum, but an approval of what happened in
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july, an approval of the military coup of the ousting of the military government. the opposition will use the constitution to rally people against it. the muslim brotherhood will not take part in the roadmap. they have not made a firm stance. if they boycott it brings down the number of people taking part. it's a challenge for both sides to try to rally people around their points of view in order to get more support. >> thank you. >> at least four people have been killed in a suicide bombing in afghanistan. a truck bomb was detonated outside police headquarters south of kabul. 17 were injured in the attack. >> still ahead, the global fight
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against diabetes could rise by 50% in the next 20 years. the 2000-year-old mystery of how water is supplied to some of the rome's famous landmarks.
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[ ♪ music ] >> >> the top stories on al jazeera. anti-government protesters are back on the streets of bangkok, demanding the resignation of thes prime minister. we are looking at a live picture. in a national address, yingluck
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shinawatra says she'll stay as long as the majority of people are behind her. >> a thousand demonstrators have blocked off the headquarters, questioning viktor yanukovych's decision to walk away from a trade pact offered by the european union. 50,000 people in a rally turned violent when police tried to disperse the crowd. >> rivalries connected to the war in syria are dividing communities in northern lebanon. neighbours turn against each other, with snipers targetting family homes. nine have been killed in the past two days. from triply zeina khodr reports. >> sniper fire has made many roads dangerous. every street is a front line. more often than not, it's not the armed men who are killed.
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17-year-old hashmeni was a victim, dying in his father's arms. >> translation: he was sitting in the front seat of the car. there was heavy gun fire. i told him to put his head down. suddenly i saw him on my lap. i was covered in blue. i watched my son die. >> this curtain put up to block the view of snipers separates the warring sides. this is a mainly sunni district. at the end of the street a neighbourhood where allah whites live. it's an area where bashar al-assad belongs. >> since the uprising in 2011, there has been more than a dozen rounds of fighting. neighbours are engaged in a proxy war. rival sects on opposing sides. >> people feel targeted, not just by allah wight neighbours,
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but the lebanese state. >> translation: the latest violence is linked to the bombings in august, targetting mosquing in triply. the state didn't attempt to apprehend the suspects. we know alawites were responsible. the state is not protecting us. >> alawites say the same thing. there has been attacks in tripoli. the leaders say they face an existential threat. clearly by talking to people here you realise how deep the divide is between the two communities >> translation: the syrian regime, when in lebanon entered our neighbourhood killing hundreds. we will not forget that. >> some of the bullet holes date back to that time. it's a political and sectarian conflict made worse by the syrian war.
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omar's father paid the price. he thanked god that three other children in the car at the time of the bullet survived. >> the u.s. vice president is due in japan. his first stop on a 3-nation tour. on the agenda the growing interpretation between japan and china and a group of islands. this comes as japan rethinks the role of its armed forces. this report from japan. >> they look and act like app army. they are not a real army. they are from japan's self-defence force on training exercise. under japan's constitution they can only fire to defend themselves. with japan's larger neighbour asserting itself internationally though, questions are being asked whether japan should rethink the role of its armed
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forces. china's declaration this week in an air defense zone over the east china sea is making the discussion urgent. >> japan's hawkish prime minister shinzo abe has been pushing mps to change the passivist constitution. long-term guidelines will be introduced in december and a security council will meet after joe biden's visit. some hope it will herald a new stage in joe biden's visit >> translation: the united states took action against china's reckless behaviour. it could make our relationship closer, establishing the relationship fit for true allies. >> the timing couldn't come at a more opportune time.
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some say it is pushing existing barriers. >> translation: until recently china did not possess the capability to challenge the status quo. in recent years the military has grown in power, which i think is why china challenges the order. the challenges in the china sea is an example. >> the challenge is how to play their hand as china gives out mixed signals over the air defense zone. >> chinese media said japan was the main target. the country's defence minister stated it is neither a no-fly zone nor territorial air space. can joe biden discover the reasons behind china's power plan. only a gambling man would lay money on what china is thinking. no one is taking any bets.
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>> britain's prime minister is visiting beijing to push for a free trade deal, meeting the chinese premier and other senior officials. david cameron says he wants to improve ties between europe and the con-largest economy. >> the latest government numbers put the death toll from typhoon haiyan at 5,670. the number of displaced stands at 4 millon. in an effort to lift spirits. filipino boxer manny pacquiao visited survivors. he met thousands of fans. last weekend crowds packed out a sports complex to watch him defeat brandon rios in mccaw. >> i have been through hardship and experienced what they are
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experiencing. that's why i'm here to join them, to give aid and encouragement. >> bangladesh is a poor country with low wages. dangerous working conditions have been reported. another is causing concerns. the leather tanning industry is worth a billion. the industry employees more than 30,000 workers. the leather is exported to top fashion houses in dozens of countries, including the u.s., u.k., france, russia and japan. we have this report from dakar. >> of all the difficult dirty and dangerous jobs bangladesh do to survive these men may have the worse. they were tannery workers, engulfed by toxic stench of chemicals and rotting animal flesh. this man is 14.
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he looks older. >> translation: there are scars on my hands and legs. the injuries are never ending. >> he earns about $2 a day. the water they are wading in without protective clothing is laced with arsenic and chromium sulphate, making the leather soft. and but they cause sores, respiratory diseases and other diseases. >> lung cancer, cancer of the nose, and also the yoournated bladder cancer. >> there are more than 200 tanneries in this part of the dakar. they employ 30,000. leather sales were worth a billion. >> translation: this is worldwide luxury goods. for the workers - they are not
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looking after our health and safety. >> a survey from a bangladeshi environment group found 90% of tannery workers died before the age of 50. for years the government has made promises that it will move the tannery out of the slum. all those promises have gone unfulfilled. government officials did not respond to requests for an interviewed. despite the filth, danger and stink, he is resigned to life in the tanneries. >> i have no ambitious, nothing. i have to do it. there's no other way. >> cheep bangladesh labour lowers the cost of leather goods sold. there's a price paid in human misery in a far-off place. >> the international diabetes federation is predicting a rise
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in the number of people with a disease. right now there are about 382 million people with diabetes. by 2035 the number is said to rise to 592 million. the largest number of sufferers on china, 98 million live with diabetes. 65 million have diabetes in india. in the u.s. 24 million people have the condition. one place where the government is trying to do more to beat diabetes is sri lanka. we have this report. >> this looks like any 15-year-old. diabetes has changed her life. after being diagnosed at 11, she has to check her blood and take injections to control her sugar levels. >> translation: i get bad headaches, break into a sweat and feel lifeless. going to school is difficult
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sometimes. i missed the last term test because my sugar levels dropped. >> she is one of a million diabetes sufferers. this is absorbed from the blood. this process doesn't happen effectively. the result is there's too much sugar left in the blood. the exact cause of diabetes is not known. the risk factors include being overweight. lack of exercise, family history, stress and an unhealthy despite. 20% of sri lankans have abnormal blood sugar levels. the main investigators says the population cannot afford to get ill as there's no cure. >> everything will overtake us,
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the blindness and other illnesses. our people will not cope. >> complications can affect the eye, brains, kidneys, heart, feet and nervous system. prevention is the best way to fight the disease. they are working on new rules to address the risk from certain foods. we are going to bring the legislation on that. once we get the items, more sugar - that is also restricted. >> the study found that the chances of developing diabetes can be cut by 39% if people change their lifestyles. such changes have become essential. a challenge that hundreds of thousands like her face every day. >> every year tourists from
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around the globe visit roam more very welling at the ancient city's art and architecture. >> a downward spiral into ancient roam. this group of archeologists map an aqueduct during the ancient times. using the state of the art technology, they hope to shed light on the obscure network of the underground waterways. >> parts of many aqueducts are not known. the ancient romans want to protect the waterways, preventing enemies from cutting water supplies. most aqueducts did not survive the test of time, water still
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flows nicely next to the spanish steps. >> the aqueduct was built in the year 19 before christ supplied ancient rome with water. it's in use, and yet the path and structure remain a bit of a mystery. this is where the water flows into some of rome's famous fountains. a celebration of the abundance of water allowing rome to prosper and conquer the world. a few miles from the center of roam. it stands as a symbol of roman ingen eenious. this was one mapped by british archeologists, thomas ashby, who drew the map of the waterways in the 1920s. a starting point for today's archeologists. >> translation: ashby travelled on foot all over, asking locals
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and farmers for signs. aqueducts. we are continuing his work with the help of modern technology, tracking back 2,000 years of history. >> a history that runs through the backbones of the roman empire. fight. >> our digital producer is here. wa j.

Al Jazeera America December 2, 2013 3:00am-3:31am EST

News/Business. Breaking and in-depth coverage from America and around the world. New. (CC) (Stereo)

TOPIC FREQUENCY China 12, Joe Biden 3, U.s. 3, Diabetes 3, Russia 2, Dakar 2, Rome 2, Us 2, Viktor Yanukovych 1, Yappiviktor Yanukovyco 1, Thomas Ashby 1, Tahir 1, Hashmeni 1, Brandon Rios 1, Beijing 1, General Abdul Fatah Al-sisi 1, European Union 1, United States 1, Yingluck Shinawatra 1, Boxer Manny Pacquiao 1
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